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Geography

Key Stage One

GEOGRAPHY TOOLKIT

 

To investigate places

 

 

To investigate patterns

 

To communicate geographically

G1. Ask and answer geographical questions.

G8.Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom and of a contrasting non- European country. 

G11. Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to: key physical features, including: beach, coast, forest, hill, mountain, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation and weather. 

 

G2. Identify the key features of a location in order to say whether it is a city, town, village, coastal or rural area. 

G9. Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles. 

G12. Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to: key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office and shop. 

 

G3. Use world maps, atlases and globes to identity the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied. 

G10. Identify land use around the school. 

 

G13. Use compass directions and locational language to describe the location of features and routes on a map. 

 

G4. Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of the school and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment. 

 

G14. Devise a simple map, and use and construct basic symbols in a key. Use simple grid references. 

 

G5. Use aerial images and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic physical features. 

 

 

G6. Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas. 

 

G7. Name and locate the world’s continents and oceans. 

Lower Key Stage Two

GEOGRAPHY TOOLKIT

 

 

To investigate places

 

 

To investigate patterns

 

To communicate geographically

 

G15. Ask and answer geographical questions about the physical and human characteristics of a location. 

G22. Name and locate the Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle and date time zones. Describe some of the characteristics of these geographical areas. 

 

G25. Describe key aspects of: physical geography, including: rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle. 

 

 

G16. Explain own views about locations, giving reasons. 

 

G17. Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features. 

G18. Use fieldwork to observe and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies.

 

G19. Use a range of resources to identify the key physical and human features of a location. 

G23. Describe geographical similarities and differences between countries. 

G26. Describe key aspects of human geography, including: settlements and land use.

 

G20. Name and locate countries and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, including hills, mountains, cities, rivers, key topographical features and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.

G24. Describe how the locality of the school has changed over time. 

 

G27. Use the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols and key to communicate knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world. 

 

 

 

 

G21. Name and locate the countries of Europe and identify their main physical and human characteristics. 

 

 

 

Upper Key Stage Two

GEOGRAPHY TOOLKIT

 

To investigate places

 

 

To investigate patterns

 

To communicate geographically

G28. Collect and analyse statistics and other information in order to draw clear conclusions about locations.

G35. Identify and describe the geographical significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Artic and Antarctic Circle, and time zones.

G40. Describe and understand key aspects of: physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle.

G29. Identify and describe how the physical features affect the human activity within a location.

G36. Understand some of the reasons for geographical similarities and differences between countries.

G41. Describe and understand key aspects of: human geography, including: settlements, land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water supplies.

G30. Use a range of geographical resources to give detailed description and opinions of the characteristic features of a location.

G37. Describe how locations around the world are changing and explain some of the reasons for change.

G31.  Use different types of fieldwork sampling (random and systematic) to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area.  Record the results in a range of ways.

G38. Describe geographical diversity across the world.

G42. Use the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols and a key (that uses Ordnance Survey symbols) to communicate knowledge of the United Kingdom and the world.

G32. Analyse and give views on the effectiveness of different geographical representations of a location (aerial images compared with maps and topological maps).

G39. Describe how countries and geographical regions are interconnected and interdependent.

G33. Name and locate some of the countries and cities of the world and their identifying human and physical characteristics, including hills, mountains,, rivers, key topological features and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.

G43. Create maps of locations, identifying patterns (such as: land use, climate zones, population densities, height of land).

G34. Name and locate the countries of North and South America and identify their main physical and human characteristics.

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